The 12 Principles of are probably the most important steps to know as beginner animator or an advanced animator.
1. Squash and stretch:
It is an illusion of weight and volume to a character or an object as it moves. It is quite useful to animate dialogue or facial expressions. It is used in all forms of character animation from a bouncing ball to the body weight of a person walking.
This prepares the audience for a major action the character or the object is about to preform. So for example the character could be getting ready to run.
3. Staging : A pose or an action of the character or the object, so that it can clearly communicate the emotions or mood to the audience.
4. Straight Ahead and Pose to Pose: